Parliamentarians Commission For Human Rights
Mobilizing Parliamentarians to make them effective defenders of human rights working along side International, Regional, National and Local human rights organizations & institutions engaged at all levels of Pakistani society
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About Our Organization
The Parliamentarians Commission for Human Rights (PCHR) is a voluntary organization comprising members of Pakistani Parliament from all the major political parties and four provinces of Pakistan. These Parliamentarians have joined their hands together for the sole aim of protection and promotion of Human Rights through the parliament, using parliamentary practices through legislation.
Role of Parliament and Parliamentarians in Promotion & Protection of Human Rights
Although democracy and human rights are often taken as two separate concepts, yet they have striking commonalties, which merges these two concepts to a greater extent of inseparability. This can be seen very clearly mentioned in Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) 1948 that” the, will of the people shall be expressed in periodic and genuine election which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held in secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
Parliamentarians have four major roles. Firstly they are public representatives, which have direct mandate from various interest groups to represent them; secondly, they are legislators, charged with making and amending national laws and policies. Thirdly, they are scrutinizers, exercising oversight to hold the government (executive) accountable for all it does, and fourthly, having immense influence over masses they are the social reformed, helping mould society and national institutions to the challenges of the world.
In every aspect of the parliamentarian’s role you can find an accumulated backlog of work that needs to be done to safeguard citizen’s rights.
Our Top Priorities
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
Universal and inalienable
The principle of universality of human rights is the cornerstone of international human rights law. This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions. The 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights, for example, noted that it is the duty of States to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems.
Interdependent and indivisible
All human rights are indivisible, whether they are civil and political rights, such as the right to life, equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to work, social security and education , or collective rights, such as the rights to development and self-determination, are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent. The improvement of one right facilitates advancement of the others. Likewise, the deprivation of one right adversely affects the others.
Equal and non-discriminatory
Non-discrimination is a cross-cutting principle in international human rights law. The principle is present in all the major human rights treaties and provides the central theme of some of international human rights conventions such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
The principle applies to everyone in relation to all human rights and freedoms and it prohibits discrimination on the basis of a list of non-exhaustive categories such as sex, race, colour and so on. The principle of non-discrimination is complemented by the principle of equality, as stated in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”
Both Rights and Obligations
Human rights entail both rights and obligations. States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights. The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with or curtailing the enjoyment of human rights. The obligation to protect requires States to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses. The obligation to fulfil means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights. At the individual level, while we are entitled our human rights, we should also respect the human rights of others.
The rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.John F. Kennedy
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Address: House # 7, Street # 34, F-7/1, Islamabad, Pakistan
Phone: +92 (51) 8745531
Fax: +92 (51) 8745532